Network Operating System:The function of the networking software is to set up some computers as hosts, or servers, and some computers as clients to those hosts.The servers manage the printer sharing, file sharing and communications link sharing to their clients.The advantages of using LANs in banks are that:(a) The expensive resources such as computer hardware and software can be shared by several users. This brings down the overall cost of computerisation.(b) The information stored on the host computer is available to all users of the system. Therefore, there is no necessity of duplication of databases.(c) Since all the terminals are intelligent terminals, the processing load is shared between thevarious machines and there is no overloading on any single machine.There are also a few shortcomings of a LAN, such as:(a) Complicated software has to be installed for data management.(b) Security risks are higher, since each user access the host computer independently.(c) Maintenance cost of such a system is high, since it has to be done frequently.
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