This article discusses the Demographic Features Of India and examines what the phrase demography means in Rural India.

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IIBF administers CAIIB exams twice a year. One of the unique examinations designed by the IIBF to acquire the greatest performance out of the officials who are currently employees of the Member Banks of Indian foundation of Banking and Finance. This exam aims to evaluate the approaches for creating a flexible and all-encompassing financial administration. It provides advanced knowledge and skills related to the dynamic CAIIB exam and is widely regarded in the financial industry. Its rivals are mostly made up of representatives of the RBI, SIDBI, NABARD, business banks, regional rural banks, etc. Benefits like incentives, raises, promotions, etc., are given to employees who successfully pass the CAIIB exam. 

The Exam includes multiple-choice questions only. Exams for the CAIIB contain four required papers—Advanced Bank Management, Bank Financial Management, Advanced Business & Financial Management, Banking Regulations and Business Laws —and one optional paper. In the exam, you’ll be assessed on the basis of:

  • Knowledge evaluation
  • Case studies
  • Problem-solving
  • An analytical justification


Any of the following subjects may be chosen for the elective paper by the candidate:

  • Central banking
  • Rural banking
  • Information technology & Digital Banking
  • Human resource management
  • Risk management 

All those who wish to appear in the CAIIB exam in June 2023 should hurry and start preparing for it. To help you out with your preparation for the CAIIB exam June 2023, our experts have compiled the CAIIB study material June 2023 especially tailor-made according to your needs. Our CAIIB study material for June 2023 includes various services, which include videos, CAIIB mock tests 2023, notes, etc. the details of our CAIIB material 2023 are discussed later in this article. First, we would like to discuss the main topic, i.e., Demographic Features of Rural India. 




Let’s now examine what the phrase demography means. The scientific and statistical study of population, particularly the size of various populations, their growth, and their organisation, is known as demography. Historical demography, social demography, economic demography, mathematical demography, medical demography, and other fields of demography are but a few.

The demographic characteristics of the rural population should be taken into consideration separately, even though it is not common practice among demographers to study the rural and urban populations separately. This will help to provide a better understanding of the issues in rural development. This is crucial in a nation like India, where rural areas still make up the majority of the population and will do for the foreseeable future.

For less developed nations, where the dynamics of demographic transition directly affect the direction and speed of the development process, studies on population distribution and density gain importance.

Functions of demography:

  • Gaining knowledge about a specific area’s population;
  • To determine what factors are affecting the population in that specific location.
  • To describe the causes influencing population changes; and
  • Researching population trends based on the three parameters mentioned above.



The following standout characteristics of Indian demography:

Population too large for area:

India, one of the world’s most populous nations, ranks second in terms of population after China and accounts for 16.7% of the global population. Still, its land area only makes up 2.42 percent of the worldwide total.


Predominantly Rural Population:

Approximately 72% of the population resides in rural areas. This demonstrates a heavy reliance on rural businesses like agriculture.


Rapid Population Growth: 

From 2.22 percent in 1971–81 to 2.14 percent in 1981–91, the average annual exponential growth rate fell. It decreased to 1.9% during the ten years from 1991 to 2001. Even more, expansion has been seen in the towns and cities.

This has happened as a result of the urban centers’ geographic growth and encroachment upon the neighboring villages, which has been caused by the continued influx of people seeking employment and better living conditions in urban centers.


Declining Female Proportion:

India’s population is predominantly male. Throughout the 20th century, the percentage of women fell. More sociological explanations for the family’s lack of preference for the female child may be given.

Infanticide and female foeticide have recently come to light. Without the proper care, the female youngster is more susceptible to disorders brought on by malnutrition. Additionally, many women pass away while giving delivery.


High Ratio of Unemployed:

Only 40% of our population can be categorised as workers, and that number includes people under the age of 15 (child labor). Otherwise this number would be significantly lower. A large portion of the unemployed population in India can be attributed to the country’s high proportion of people under the age of 15 and low rates of female labor force participation.


Uneven Age Structure:

Our population is made up primarily of people under the age of twenty. A sizable young population has its own social, economic, and political ramifications.


Ethnic variety:

Apart from the issues related to its size, the issue of ethnic variety with which the nation was identified has also undermined social cohesion in Indian society, which has negatively impacted the nation’s rate of socioeconomic advancement.

Most significantly, the concentration of religious minorities in the strategically placed periphery areas has repercussions for society, the economy, and politics.

Now that we have discussed demographic features of rural India at length, we would like to move our discussion to the CAIIB June study material 2023 that we offer so that your preparation for the CAIIB June 2023 becomes much more manageable. 



Our CAIIB study material June 2023 offers various services, which include:

  • Live and recorded video lectures. 
  • Recorded video lectures can also be downloaded and watched offline. 
  • We also have CAIIB mock tests June 2023 for you to practice. 
  • Case studies are also included in our CAIIB mock tests June 2023
  • Short notes in the form of ePDFs are readily available on our apps. 



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