Simplified Turnover Method (BY NAYAK COMMITTEE)


The term working capital means  the amount of funds needed for meeting day-to-day operations of a concern. Operating cycle means the length of time required to convert ‘Non-Cash current assets’, (like raw material (RM), work in process (WIP), finished goods (FG), and receivables) into cash. In order to assess the working capital financing requirements, the gross working capital, the net working capital and gap in working capital are calculated.

Working capital is simply considered as life blood of any business the lack of which may lead the business to liquidation .


Simplified Turnover Method is used to assess the working capital requirement of the business enterprises. It is based on the turnover of business enterprise. This method was proposed by the P.J. Nayak Committee for the Small Scale Industries in India in need of working capital from banks upto a maximum limit of Rs 5 crores.


As per this method,  the working capital requirement is to be assessed at 25% of the projected turnover to be shared between the borrower and the bank, viz. borrower contributing 5% of the turnover as net working capital (NWC) and bank providing finance at a minimum of 20% of the turnover.

For Example:

If projected sales turn-over is  =  Rs.1,00,000

Then, working capital gap is 25% of turnover =  Rs.25000

Minimum permissible Bank  Finance should be 20% of turnover = Rs. 20,000

Margin money from the borrower should be 5% of Rs. 100000 =  Rs.5000


The method is applicable for financing MSME units upto Rs.5 crores and for others upto Rs.2 crores.


  • This method is very simple and easy to understand.
  • This method is very useful for ascertaining the working capital requirements of SSI trading in India

Thus, the banks should adopt the simplified turnover method recommended by Nayak committee in respect of all SSI units for calculation of working capital limit.

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